A bakeware essential, this versatile cake pan from Ayesha Curry is perfect for anything from casseroles to bar cookies. Part of the Home Collection, the stylish pan is dishwasher safe.
Can legislation control Salmonella? Obviously, some very intelligent people think so. Unfortunately many of them misunderstand the control of food safety. Food safety legislation is similar to the laws governing road traffic. There are lots of requirements for the design and maintenance of vehicles and prescribed behaviours for their operation. Maximum speeds for each piece of road are set by traffic authorities and advised by signs on the roads. If you exceed the speed limit, you might get away with it most of the time, but speed cameras may catch you. Then you get a ticket and a fine. That’s just money and perhaps demerit points on your licence. Do the speed signs and threat of punishment make us better or more responsible drivers? Suppose we have an accident and injure or kill another motorist or pedestrian. If we are shown to be at fault, perhaps because of ignoring the speed limit, does the fact that we receive a stiff fine make it any better for the injured party or their family?
The recent outbreak of salmonellosis in the US, carried in peanuts, was almost certainly the result of the flouting of many food safety regulations - the factory was dirty and infested and in-process peanuts were not protected from recontamination. Yet the factory had been inspected and the overall level of food safety was pronounced “superior”. It must be pointed out that the inspector was given only one day to inspect a factory processing several million pounds of peanuts each month and was not an expert in this type of operation. At least nine people have died from salmonellosis associated with the peanut products and 22,500 were sickened. The existing legislation clearly did not protect them. Some products containing the affected peanuts are apparently still on retail outlet shelves. President Obama offered his “top ten” ideas for improving food safety. He noted that only about 5% of the 150,000 food production premises were inspected last year, so one billion dollars would be invested in the FDA to increase its ability to inspect premises. Penalties for selling unsafe food would be increased. Unfortunately, he then went on to state that only government can ensure that foods are safe to eat. Food safety is a partnership of trust between government, food producers and suppliers and the consumer.
The first component of a drip irrigation system, or any irrigation system for that matter, is the backflow preventer. In this case we’re showing a pressure vacuum breaker, or, PVB. The backflow preventer is designed to prevent any contamination from things like fertilizer from entering back into your clean water drinking supply. As we follow down the main line from the backflow preventor, we come to the valve manifold. A valve manifold is a collection of valves, each of which is designed to water a certain area of your yard. Following the valve, two important components of a drip irrigation system are the Y filter and the pressure regulator. The Y filter protects the small emission devices from any debris that might enter your line. Pressure regulator is required to protect the barbed and compression fittings from the higher pressures typically found in a lawn sprinkler system. In most residential applications we use half-inch poly and quarter-inch spaghetti tubing. Poly tubing is very flexible and easy to work with.
This allows you to connect right into the half-inch poly wherever you need to to run spaghetti tubing up to each individual plant. Part of the beauty of working with poly tubing is the fittings that we use. The fittings are either barbed or compression, and no glue is required. Now, one of the fittings you’ll want to be sure and use is an end cap. End caps are typically found at the end of each line in a valve box, and are periodically used to flush out your lines. The purpose of a drip irrigation system is to deliver a specific amount of water to each plant. That’s accomplished by the drip emitter. As you saw earlier, there’s a wide variety of emission devices. Be sure to select the correct one to meet the needs of each of your plants. To fully automate your irrigation system, you’ll want to add a controller. The controller is programmed to open each valve for a certain amount of time, thereby eliminating the need to manually water. In addition, there are several types of sensors that can be added to the controller to prevent irrigation when it’s not required. A drip irrigation system is a simple efficient way to irrigate your plants that can help you save water and money.
St. Clement's Day was a big celebration in many places, with metal workers and blacksmiths getting the day off. There are many traditions associated with it, including "clementing" or "clemening" - a custom of children going door to door asking for apples or other treats in exchange for singing. When I learned in my reading about his writings being referred to as Clementine literature, the tasty little citrus fruits immediately came to mind as a great connection to this papal saint. It is perfect timing as the clementine cuties are just starting to become abundant in the stores - this is the beginning of their peak season - right as we celebrate St. Clement's feast! Here is a snack idea to make to celebrate his November 23 feast day. The recipe comes from The Food Network blog (contributor Dana Angelo White). It is a tasty, unique blend of sweet and salty, and I have always loved the combination of citrus and chocolate.